What Is The Scientific Study Of Fungi Called?

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parama9000 | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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It is known as mycology. Mycology involves the study of the genetic and biochemical properties of fungi.

Mycology is closely associated with phytopathology, the study of plant diseases, as most plant diseases are due to fungi.

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atyourservice | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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The scientific study of fungi is called mycology. A mycologist usually studies the genetics of fungus and their chemical properties.

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acompanioninthetardis | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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The scientific study of fungi is simply called Mycology. The scientists who study it are Mycologists. 

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fact-finder | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Mycology is the study of fungi. At various points throughout history, fungi have been considered to be either plants or animals. It was finally concluded that fungi are neither plants nor animals, but are a distinct group. Fungi are now considered one of the five kingdoms into which all living organisms are classified.

Fungi have a unique cellular structure and an unusual pattern of sexual reproduction. They may be single-celled or multicelled organisms (the great majority are multicelled), in which each cell contains a nucleus. Examples of fungi include puffballs, mushrooms, yeasts, and molds.

Fungi have an unusual cellular structure in that the nuclei stream between cells, making it appear as if the cells have multiple nuclei. This cellular structure, along with their unique method of reproducing by forming spores, distinguish the fungi from all other organisms.

Fungi are heterotrophs, meaning they cannot produce their own food from inorganic matter (not derived from living organisms). Fungi secrete enzymes that breakdown organic matter (derived from living organisms) outside their bodies. Their cells then absorb the products. The digestive activities of fungi are essential in the decomposition (breakdown) of organic material and the cycling of nutrients in nature.

Some fungi, called saprobes, obtain nutrients from nonliving organic matter. Other fungi are parasites, meaning they obtain nutrients from the tissues of living host organisms.

Sources: Moore-Landecker, Elizabeth. Fundamentals of the Fungi, 3rd ed., pp. 1-2; Starr, Cecie, and Ralph Taggert. Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life, 6th ed., p. 373.