Butterflies belong to a class called 'Lepidoptera' and are insects. They have some similarities with moths, but most butterflies are diurnal which means day-flying, whereas moths are more known for flying at night, though there are exceptions. Both butterflies have fascinated man for centuries.
Butterflies in particular with their elegance and beauy, fascinate and intrigue and we are finding out new things about them all the time. They are covered with miniscule sensory type hairs and they have wings composed of delicate minute scales. The scales give the wings a myriad of shadows, colours, shades, patterns and a lovely sheen.Butterflies and moths pass through a life cycle of four stages first the egg, then the caterpillar, the pupa and finally the beautiful adult. This is called metamorphosis and is complete when the butterfly emerges. Metamorphosis takes place when the pupa comes out as a winged adult Not surprisingly, Antarctica with its freezing climatic conditions is the only continent they don't colonise. Here in the icy wastes, these insects cannot thrive. Throughout the rest of the world they occur widely and are distributed fairly evenly but most of the 175,000 species thrive well in tropical climates. Beautiful as butterflkies are , and numerous as the types are, there are more moths than their beautiful relatives.These moths outnumber butterflies in species by about ten times.