What is Satire and how is it used in The Crucible? And is Satire the same as Irony?

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Satire is a literary genre that uses irony, wit, and often sarcasm to expose human flaws and weaknesses; it aims to generate or prompt reform by ridiculing its subject (sometimes quite harshly and sometimes quite indulgently). Irony, then, is a tool often used by satire, but it is not the same thing. Irony is created when there is a discrepancy between expectation and reality. It can be verbal (when one says the opposite of what one means— sarcasm, for example, is often verbally ironic), situational (when the opposite of what one expects to happen actually happens—like, for example, if the fire house burns down), or dramatic (when the reader actually knows more than a character in a text).

The Crucible combines the circumstances of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 with the circumstances of the McCarthy hearings conducted by the House UnAmerican Activities Committee in the 1940s and 50s. Senator McCarthy publicly accused more than two...

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