In The Bronze Bow, what is the same end toward which Simon and Rosh are working?

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Like Rosh, Simon wants to see Israel liberated from the Roman occupier. Unlike the bandit leader, however, he believes that true liberation will only come from following in the footsteps of Jesus.

Rosh is very much in thrall to the prevailing notions of Jewish messianism, which hold that Israel will be liberated by a great warrior king, like David, who will drive out the Romans and free God's chosen people from their bondage. Until that day arrives, Rosh is determined to play his full part in the anti-Roman resistance movement, using whatever means necessary—no matter how bloody or violent—to achieve his aims.

For his part, Simon is staunchly opposed to violence. The way of Jesus is a peaceful one, and involves turning the other cheek. He conceives of liberation from the Romans mainly in spiritual (rather than political) terms. It is the inner freedom of the believer that he seeks, rather than the secular freedoms that come from Jews being able to run their own affairs. That's not to say that political freedom is completely unimportant to Simon, but his eyes are on a much bigger prize: the spiritual freedom of a Christian.

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It is clear in Chapter Three, when Simon the Zealot is first introduced, that Simon and Rosh, although they may both oppose the same enemy in the form of the Romans, do so in very different ways. Rosh is of course a self-styled resistance fighter who is nothing more than a bandit who steals food from hardworking farmers around his lair. Simon continues his normal job and work, and refuses to join Rosh's group. Note how he explains his decision to not join Rosh and his men to Daniel:

When the one comes who will lead us, then we will all join together. In the meantime, as I said before, Rosh and I don't see eye to eye. For one thing, I prefer to earn my own bread and meat.

Simon, it is clear, sees through Rosh and recognises him for the petty bandit that he is. This is a realisation that only comes to Daniel later on in the novel. Both Simon and Rosh therefore are working to see their country free from the Romans and to get them out, but they work in very different ways.

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