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The Bible contains an abundance of rules, but you will find that the Ten Commandments are a good starting place for answering this question. Fundamental in Judaism and present in both Catholic and Protestant versions of the Bible, these commandments were first spoken by God, then later inscribed upon stone...

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The Bible contains an abundance of rules, but you will find that the Ten Commandments are a good starting place for answering this question. Fundamental in Judaism and present in both Catholic and Protestant versions of the Bible, these commandments were first spoken by God, then later inscribed upon stone and given to Moses to bring down from Mount Sinai to his people (Exodus 20:1, 31:18). The Ten Commandments, listed in Exodus 20:3-17, can be briefly summed up as follows:

  1. Have no other gods
  2. Do not make or worship idols
  3. Do not misuse the name of the Lord
  4. Remember and keep the Sabbath day holy
  5. Honor your father and mother
  6. Do not murder
  7. Do not commit adultery
  8. Do not steal
  9. Do not give false testimony
  10. Do not covet

Following the verses in Exodus in which the commandments are revealed are additional guidelines for the Hebrew people concerning various aspects of life, including laws, religious observances, and specific instructions for building a tabernacle and preparing priests to serve within it.

For a New Testament answer to your question, consider Matthew 22:34-40, in which Jesus is asked by an expert in Jewish law to reveal the greatest commandment. Jesus' response is "'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.' This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.' All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments." While it is not possible to list every rule included in the Bible, Jesus considered these two commands to be the starting point from which all the other rules stem, thus these verses are a simple and accurate answer to your question, summing up much of what is commanded within the Bible.

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