Thomas Jefferson's Presidency Questions and Answers

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What is the "Revolution of 1800" in US history?

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The Presidential election of 1800 was revolutionary in that it heralded the arrival of partisan politics in America. When George Washington was alive, it was possible to maintain some degree of bipartisanship in addressing the country's problems. Washington himself warned against the dangers of "factions" (i.e., parties and self-interested groups) in his famous Farewell Address. But with Washington's death, all realistic hopes of preventing the formation of political parties died with him.

It soon became clear that the rival parties—the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans—had completely different ideas about how to run the country. Federalists favored a strong central government, whereas Democratic-Republicans emphasized the importance of states' rights. Federalists tended to advocate closer relations with Great Britain, whereas their opponents were more...

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