Impulsiveness--They're not the only ones (Mercutio, Capulet, and others are ruled by their emotions), but they clearly don't think much before acting. What if Romeo had followed his head instead of his heart when he first saw Juliet? What if they both had considered the angles before killing themselves?
A flawed view of love--They think of love not as commitment that involves sacrifice and work along with pleasure and attraction, but just as a euphoria that they must seize and keep. Having a more mature idea of what love and marriage entail might have kept them alive--but then, we'd never have heard of their epic affair. Prudence doesn't make for good theatre.
Failure to communicate--They seem to think they can solve all their own problems. With the exception of the Nurse and Friar Lawrence, they don't involve anyone else in their own schemes--not even each other.