What are the roles and problems of local government in nation building?problems of local government in nationbuilding.

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The idea of nation building is a method of unifying disparate and separate groups into a national consensus and pulls at creating a shared consciousness and experience.  Simply put, nation building attempts to bring what was opposite and diffused into a coherent and convergent form.  An example could be the way the United States engaged in nation building after the Revolution with its adoption of the Constitution.  Another example could be how different cultures in Singapore identify themselves with the Singaporean nation, while retaining their differences in culture and spiritual identity.  Another example would be how the Italian city states coalesced into one nation.  Local government has a vital and important role in the nation building process as they are the closest institution to the citizens, and therefore, must espouse the principles upon which a nation is to be built.  For example, the framers of the United States Constitution were wise enough to include provisions that explained the relationship between federal government and local government.  This principle of Federalism explains how power will be shared and mirrored in practice within both national and local government.  Local government has to support the nation building aims.  When it does not, an ostensible and valid threat to the nation building premise presents itself.  While it breaks from the traditional concept of nation building, we can see this in Iraq.  One of the major challenges with the recent US involvement in Iraq is that local governments are proving to be challenging in adopting a position of nation building.  Some provinces in the newly formed Iraq Republic are open to such principles, while others are strongly passionate in the defense of their own personal sense of cultural identity.  This is making the definition of a nation, and the exercise of nation building, a challenging on in Iraq.  Local government is an essential and vital part in the nation building process and their problems have to be examined as part of the larger scope, as a whole.  If local government cannot accept the idea of nation building, its citizens will be less likely to embrace the idea themselves.

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator
Local governments often have different goals than the national governments. For example, when our own country was formed there was a constant tug of war between the colonies and the new federal government. In some countries, such as in the middle east, there are also conflicts between religious leaders who want to maintain their power and control over the populace.
user521058 | Student

Some questioned the credibility and constitutionality of the body and such formation. Some saw it as a welcome development while some were with a very strong agitation for a complete scraping of the almighty third tier of government. But I congratulate the purposeful President for his wisdom of discarding all odds and critics associated with his idea from the public but decided to uphold the system. This was great.

However, the third-tier of government alias Local Government is a very variable instrument in the democratic process of any nation. To me, in my regard and rating, Local Government stands the tallest in government recognition and appraisal, even among the first and second tiers. The crucial role of local government administration in our nation building, grassroots development, creating substantive medley of economic and social wellbeing of the people must always be reckoned with. It is the form of government that is more accessible to the people at the grassroots or the local populace. Every ratiocinated person will belief strongly with the point that, the development of every nation depends upon the geometrical progression of the third tier of government. It is therefore more imperative and very accurate to constantly reiterate the importance of this tier of government and the most reason for its sustainability in the minds of those agitating for its scrapping.

The urban drift syndrome or wahala can adequately be addressed by a workable third-tier of government. Urban migration has continued to pose serious threat on the socio-economic and political structure of this country in particular and the third-world countries in general. This is because of the developmental concentration on the capital or urban cities while leaving behind the crummy and shabby towns in our local government areas. The effects of this trend can never be overruled. For instance, the one-city-state, status of Rivers State today is as a result of the neglect on building up of the local government headquarters and surrounding towns and villages.

The accessibility of the third-tier of government makes it very easy for the local people to deal with the government directly. The people can walk from their homes into the office of the chairman, vice chairman, councilors etc without stress, fear on favour. They can beat whatever protocol or procedural patterns in place to press on their demand, or petitions. The Executive or Legislators that form the government are all members of the communities and leaves also within the communities of the Local Government Area. They are common in style and familiar to each other that even a mere blow of whistle or clap of hands can draw the attention of the chairman, councilors etc immediately to the scene. Since the possibility of reaching Aso Rock and Brick House by the local people is always likes a mirage or climbing the rock of Gibraltar, they now resort to Local Government that can be reached in a blink.