What roles do values play in the scientific process in psychology?

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While one might assume that values do not play a role in the scientific processes in psychology, values actually play a significant role in psychology, because they influence people’s mental processes and actions whether they realize it or not.

Values are internalized principles that people use to determine right and...

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While one might assume that values do not play a role in the scientific processes in psychology, values actually play a significant role in psychology, because they influence people’s mental processes and actions whether they realize it or not.

Values are internalized principles that people use to determine right and wrong and to outline their priorities. It is important that psychologists understand how values shape people’s actions, desires, and emotions in order to properly assess and treat patients. For example, psychologists who practice cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) often use a technique called value clarification in which they strive to understand what a patient’s values system is. They then organize these values into a clear hierarchy to better understand the patient’s motivation for treatment and long-term treatment goals. This process can also help patients become more aware of their own beliefs and the way these beliefs influence their lives.

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