What is the role of political parties and pressure groups in achieving democratic goals?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Political parties and pressure groups work to achieve democratic goals. In a democracy, political parties and pressure or special interest groups are free to develop policies to achieve goals they have created. They also are free to work to elect candidates that will support and will advance those policies. Pressure groups will work closely with lawmakers to see that their ideas are implemented. These are actions that one would expect in a democratic system.

Political parties develop platforms so the people will know what they believe are important issues, and explain how they will work to achieve those issues. These platforms generally reflect the views of the majority of the party members. Pressure groups also develop viewpoints they have about issues that are important to them. They develop talking points that are used to communicate their message to the public and to lobby lawmakers. Having the ability to freely state a party’s position or a group’s position on various issues is a key feature of a democratic system.

People are free to communicate with their lawmakers about how they want to be represented on various issues. In a representative democracy, the lawmakers are supposed to represent the majority viewpoint of the people whom they represent.

Political parties and pressure groups play an important and significant role in achieving the goals of a democracy.