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The Muslim League was founded by Muhammad Ali Jinnah who had previously been active in the Indian National Congress and had been a leader in the Home Rule movement for all India. When Indian independence was first discussed as a viable issue, Mohandas K. Ghandhi, another leader of the Indian movement envisioned a united country, despite the deep religious differences between Muslims and Hindus. Originally, Jinnah worked toward the same goal, and drafted a plan which insured that the rights of Indian Muslims would be protected. In 1940, however, when it appeared that Muslim interests in India would be secondary to Hindu interests, the league proposed the Lahore Resolution which called for autonomy of the Muslim areas of India. As independence for India appeared imminent, fighting between Hindus and Muslims became so widespread that a unified state appeared impossible to achieve. As a result, the League and the Indian National Congress both agreed that upon independence, the primarily Muslim portions of India should be a separate nation, Pakistan, meaning "land of the pure."
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