What role did location play in the southern colonies' economy?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Location influenced the southern colonies in many ways. Since the colonies were further south, they had a much better climate than the colonies in the North. The southern climate was warm and mild. Along with the very fertile soil, this made the region great for farming.  Additionally, since there were fewer rivers, streams, and resources in the South, fewer industries developed there during the colonial days. Thus, the main economic activity in the southern colonies was farming.  Because of this, the southern colonies had lots of slaves. Most of the main cities in the South were along the coast.  This is where southern crops were sold and sent away on ships, mainly to Europe. Being an agricultural region led to a different pace of life in the South than in the North. Location was very important to the southern colonies.