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Concerning the Old Man in Shakespeare's Macbeth, the enotes Study Guide on the play has this to say about the Old Man:
The anonymous old man represents experience and memory, and is at least 70 years old ("Threescore and ten I can remember well" he says in II.iv.1). He comments on the disturbances in nature on the night of Duncan's murder, unprecedented in his recollection. He is referred to by Rosse several times as father. He wishes a blessing on Rosse as he travels to Scone.
The Old Man may be a commoner, and he does wish a blessing, but it might be a bit of a stretch to conclude that he "represents" common people and Christianity. Even if he is both common and strongly Christian, one should be careful of over symbolizing dramatic elements, including characters.
The Old Man is present in the scene for at least three purposes: to further the idea of the unnatural (the falcon attacked by an owl), to witness the conversation between Ross and Macduff about who is responsible for the murders of Duncan and the two grooms, and to give the blessing,
God's benison [blessing] go with you, and with those
That would make good of bad, and friends of foes. (Act 2.4.41-42)
thereby also furthering, in addition to the "unnatural" theme mentioned previously, the theme of duality and opposition.
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