What role does God play in the poems of Vallejo? (in regards to Trilce LXI and The Black Heralds)

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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In "Black Heralds," the speaker feels rebellion against God for the misery that is being felt--"blows as from the hatred of God."

They [the "blows in life," or"Black Heralds"] are the deep falls of the Christs of the soul,
of some adored faith blasphemed by Destiny.
Those bloodstained blows are the crackling of
bread burning up at the oven door.

Indeed, each stanza contains an ontological question about the Deity in relationship to the human condition as the images of the Divine force send such conditions as misfortune, violence, suffering, and despair.

In "Trilce LXI," Vallejo writes of the desire to return to the past. The word Trilce is a neologism created by the poet, combining, perhaps, the Spanish word for "sad," triste, with the word for "sweet," dulce. Some analysts believe that there is a hint of the Trinity with "three" tres in the title, also.

In this poem the speaker returns to his childhood home, where all are gone. As he sees the empty house, images appear to the speaker of his deceased family and he feels deeply the tragedy of life and the emptiness of his orphanhood. Spirits are, nevertheless, present, 

A deity in the strange peace,
the beast (horse), as though calling too, sneezes
and sniffs, stamping the paving-stone. Then, doubtful,
he whinnies
with a lively shake of his ears.

These poems both have as their subjects the tragedy of life that has no compassion from Divine power; instead, God is connected to the misery, loneliness, and melancholy of life derived from the meaninglessness of suffering.

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