The previous post was highly accurate. I think that feminist criticism can enhance the understanding of "Fight Club," but I am not sure there is a role it plays in it. Women are depicted in a complex manner in "Fight Club." On one hand, there is a definite perception that men have lost some of the primal elements that define their identity. The insinuation is that they have lost this because of women. Tyler states as much in stages of developing fight club. It seems that there is a perception of women as being part of the Status Quo/ consumer culture that feeds the inherent need for a realm such as "Fight Club."
I've seen the movie Fight Club, but I haven't read the book. I can help you analyze any work of fiction from a feminist point of view, though.
First, feminist criticism isn't something that is in a work of fiction. It doesn't play a role in a normal work of fiction. Feminist criticism is a way of looking at or analyzing a work of fiction.
When you analyze the novel from feminist critical perspective you will look for several things:
- Is the writer male or female, and how does his/her gender determine what he/she writes?
- What roles do women have in the work? Are they more than just decoration? Do the roles have substance?
- How are women portrayed? Are they independent? Do they have value in themselves, or are they dependent on males? Are they put on a pedestal, abused, or self-determined?
- What does the presentation of women in the work reveal about the societal views of women, in the society the work originates from?
This is not a complete list, and of course studying any work of fiction doesn't really come down to a list. But I hope this will help.