Animal Farm Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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What role does Boxer play on the farm? Why does Napoleon seem to feel threatened by him? In what ways might one view the betrayal of Boxer as an alternative climax of the novel (if we consider Napoleon's banishment of Snowball and the pigs' initial consolidation of power as the true climax)?

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Boxer represents the Russian proletariat—the very people whose interests were supposed to be advanced by the Revolution but who were subsequently enslaved and exploited by the Bolsheviks. Initially, most of the Russian working-classes were enthusiastic about the Revolution carried out in their name; they desperately wanted it to succeed. And it's that unbounded enthusiasm that we see in the character of Boxer. He passionately believes in the Animalist revolution and is so deeply committed that he willfully overlooks the many things that go wrong with it, not to mention all the lies and propaganda routinely peddled by Napoleon and Squealer.

To some extent, Boxer is the moral heart of the Animalist revolution. In his honesty, simplicity, and dignity, he provides us with an insight into what might have been had he and not Napoleon taken control of the farm. In allegorical terms, Boxer forces us to consider what the Russian Revolution would've been like had it ushered in a system where the...

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