What role did Maoism play in the Chinese Civil War, the Great Leap forward, and the Cultural Revolution?
Although Maoism is derived from Marxism and remained fairly close to it in many respects, Mao's focus was on the peasantry and escape from China's feudal past rather than the proletariat and collective ownership of the means of production. The Great Leap Forward was driven by agricultural reform, the aim being to abolish private ownership of land and allow (or force) every peasant to join an agricultural collective. This was achieved by 1958. The collectivization of farming was accompanied by Maoist social policies, as well as banning all religious ceremonies and such feudal cultural...
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