The Mughal Empire was an empire in India and Afghanistan that was of Turko-Mongol descent. The dynasty ruled from 1527-1707. The first Mughal emperor was Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur. Babur had a lot of failures before he finally succeeded in defeating the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. Babur was descended from Genghis Khan, through Genghis’s son Chagatai. Genghis Khan (1162-1227) was the founder and ruler of Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in world history. The word Mughal is an incorrect transliteration of the word Mongol. The Mughal Empire also claimed they were descendants of Timur, who was the founder of the Timurid Dynasty in Persia. Despite the claim of Mongol ascension, the Mughal emperors were mostly of Turkish ethnicity.