What is the role of the concept of "truth" in The Crucible?What role do the characters play with regard to this concept?

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accessteacher eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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This is certainly an incredibly relevant concept for you to explore and think through as you re-read this amazing play. A key theme that is well worth investigating in relation to each character is how they regard "the truth". It is clear that the majority of the populace, in the way that they at least tacitly if not openly support the Salem witch trials, hold personal integrity and truth at a very low level. These characters range of course from the Putnams, whose outright abuse and manipulation of the truth is exploited for financial and personal gain, to characters such as Giles Corey, Rebecca Nurse and, eventually, John Proctor, who all die in their own way as part of an act of resistance against the lies of the Salem Witch Trials.

For me, however, by far the most interesting character to study in relation to the truth as a concept is Elizabeth Proctor. Consider the rock and a hard place that she is placed between when she lies to supposedly save her husband, but also think about the way that when Hale tries to persuade her to encourage her husband to lie to save his life, she calmly and quietly rejects this proposal as "the Devil's argument". She is very clearly a round character whose relationship with "the truth" would make a good essay topic.

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I think that you have to discuss how "truth" is seen in specific characters' actions. For example, how do characters like John Proctor and Giles Corey view truth?  It is in this vein that you would be able to examine how specific plot elements fit into this configuration.  Due to the fact that you are looking at how truth is being articulated throughout the...

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mkcapen1 | Student

When I think about the concept of truth in the play "The Crucible" I have to look at two things; what were the Puritan beliefs, and what truths were evident?

The Puritans had no scientific evidence or medical knowledge to enable them to think of the world they lived in as anything other than based on good and evil.  Things they understood were good and all else was evil.  In the beginning I think that Danforth and Paris brought Reverend Hale in because they wanted the truth.  However, once Hale tried to define the truth to them, Danforth no longer wanted to hear it.  Instead, he was in a position where he had political power.  He tried to twist the truth buy forcing people to confess to lies.

Danforth lost focus of the truth and goodness through his own ambitions and less because of his Puritan beliefs.  John Proctor found his own personal redemption through embracing the truth despite it meaning his life would end.

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