One of the fundamental roles of the Chorus in Euripides's work is to provide a counterpoint to the forces of doubt and skepticism towards the divine. Euripides himself was not very fond of the Chorus, and rather sought to minimize their role in driving the action of the narrative. Euripides entrusted that to his characterizations and plot. The Chorus though functions as a continual point of reference of submission to the divine. The Chorus embodies the lack of hubris and the devotion to the divine.
The Chorus operates in contrast to the skepticism and judgment of Pentheus. As a king, Pentheus refuses to acknowledge any divine right to Dionysus. He also terrorizes anyone who pledges loyalty to Dionysus, imprisoning both followers and the God himself. For Pentheus, there is a rejection in the power of the divine, and a lack of acknowledgement that Dionysus is worthy of divine respect. Pentheus has a disdain for Dionysus and demonstrates zeal in targeting him for arrest:
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