Rubenstein's essay titled "God After the Death of God" concerns the feeling of many religious people who had lived through the Holocaust that an all-powerful God could not have possibly allowed for the atrocities of WWII to take place. Though these individuals may have lost their faith in an omnipotent God who watches over the events of history, they nevertheless maintain some form of religious belief. Rubenstein questions whether God can be divorced from the material world of man and considered instead as a sacred, spiritual force. He suggests thinking of God as "Holy Nothingness" in the sense that God is not a thing, but an infinite spirit that surpasses the individual selves of history. He draws on Buddhism, philosophy, and mystical beliefs in order to create a God that transcends the realities of history.