What are the poetic devices used in the poem "To Penshurst" by Ben Jonson?What are the metaphors, analogies, etc...and what does it represent?
This is not an easy poem to explicate. I won't list all of the poetic devices Jonson uses, but here are a few examples to get you started.
allusion: there are several references to characters from Greek mythology, such as dryads, Bacchus, Pan, the Muses, satyrs, fauns, etc.
alliteration: in lines 12 and 13 there are the "broad breech" and "taller tree"; in lines 28 and 29 we find "purpled pheasant" and "painted partridge"
rhyme: the poem is a series of couplets that rhyme AABBCCDD etc.
imagery: food, plants and animals
personification: in line 21, the house is spoken of as a host who feasts or exercises friends; in lines 32 and 33 the ponds pay a tribute (like a tax) to the house
You might say that the entire poem is a metaphor for England: just as Penshurst is the ideal, flourishing house, so also England is the ideal, flourishing nation.
I hope this helps you. As I said before, this is not an easy poem!
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