What was the response of the other world leaders to the actions in the 1930s of the leaders of totalitarian governments? Was it effective?  

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In the 1930s, the leaders of totalitarian governments became very aggressive. Germany, Japan, and Italy began to take land from other countries. In many instances, the leaders of other countries did very little about these actions.

The leaders of Germany, Japan, and Italy began to take land in the 1930s. In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria. In 1937, Japan invaded China. In the 1930s, Germany violated the Treaty of Versailles by rebuilding its military. In 1936, Germany moved its military into the Rhineland. This action also violated the Treaty of Versailles. In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia. The leaders of other countries didn’t take actions to deal with these acts of aggression.

The leaders of other countries had reasons for not acting. Much of the world was dealing with the Great Depression. The leaders needed to deal with that crisis before dealing with the aggressive actions of the leaders of Germany, Japan, and Italy. There was also a fear that taking actions to stop this aggression could lead to war. Since World War I ended in 1918, the leaders of these countries didn’t want to risk a second world war in the 1930s.

In 1938, Germany annexed Austria. When Hitler announced he wanted to annex the Sudetenland in 1938, the British and French leaders met with him to discuss this request. Hitler wanted to annex this part of Czechoslovakia because many Germans lived here. The leaders of Great Britain and France made an agreement, called the Munich Pact, which appeased Hitler. Hitler got this land in return for making a promise to take no more land. Hitler later broke this promise when he took the rest of Czechoslovakia in 1939. The leaders of Great Britain and France said that if Hitler took any additional land, it would lead to war. After Hitler invaded Poland in September 1939, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany, starting World War II.

The actions of the leaders of other countries weren’t successful in dealing with the aggressive actions of the leaders of Germany, Japan, and Italy. Their inaction didn't prevent war from occurring.

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