What is the resolution in The Giver?
The resolution of a story is when problems are solved and conflicts are resolved. In The Giver, there are problems that are left unsolved and conflicts that are not resolved, and because of this there is not a clear resolution.
Jonas realizes several truths about his community. One thing he discovers is that "release" means that a person is euthanized. He finds out that this is about to happen to young Gabriel. Jonas knows that the only way to save Gabriel is to rescue him and take him away from their community. Jonas also knows that when he leaves, the memories he has been given by the Giver will "[escape] from his protection to return to the people of his community."
At the end of the story, Jonas and Gabriel find a village that is very different from their former home. The story ends with them sledding down a hill toward the village, "where families created and kept memories." The reader does not know what happens to the community when they receive the memories. We do not know if the way of life changes in the community. We also do not know if Jonas and Gabriel are well received in the village. The resolution to the story is incomplete.
The resolution of a story follows the climax and is essentially the conclusion of the story's plot. The resolution also ties up the loose ends to conclude the story. In the novel The Giver, the climax of the novel is when Jonas witnesses his father releasing a newborn infant and decides to run away from the community. The falling action consists of Jonas's escape from his highly regulated and controlled community. Interestingly, there is no clear, definitive resolution at the end of the story. The story ends with Jonas discovering a village in Elsewhere during a snowy night and sledding down a hill towards a warm cabin with Gabe, which happens to be the first memory he experienced. The reader is left with a sense of hope that Jonas and Gabe will start a new life in the unknown village in Elsewhere. The reader also has confidence that the Giver is able to help the community cope with the difficult memories and change their society for the better. Lowry's decision to leave an open ending provides the reader with an opportunity to create their own resolution rather than providing a definitive conclusion to the story.