What is research? What are the various types of research? Explain.
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Research may be very broadly defined as systematic gathering of data and information and its analysis for advancement of knowledge in any subject. research attempts to find answer intellectual and practical questions through application of systematic methods.
Types of research can be classified in many different ways. some major ways of classifying research include the following.
- Descriptive versus Analytical Research
- Applied versus Fundamental Research
- Qualitative versus Quantitative Research
- Conceptual versus Empirical Research
Descriptive research concentrates on finding facts to ascertain the nature of something as it exists. In contrast analytical research is concerned with determining validity of hypothesis based on analysis of facts collected.
Applied research is carried out to find answers to practical problems to be solved and as an aid in decision making in different areas including product design, process design and policy making. Fundamental research is carried out as more to satisfy intellectual curiosity, than with the intention of using the research findings for any immediate practical application.
Quantitative research studies such aspects of the research subject which are not quantifiable, and hence not subject to measurement and quantitative analysis. In contrast quantitative research make substantial use of measurements and quantitative analysis techniques.
Conceptual research is involves investigation of thoughts and ideas and developing new ideas or interpreting the old ones based on logical reasoning. In contrast empirical research is based on firm verifiable data collected by either observation of facts under natural condition or obtained through experimentation.
Research is originated from the root word “search” meaning facts and information already exist and the prefix “re” to find it but it requires systematic procedures. A scholarly ideas will gather together to serve as basis for the formulation of new ideas or confirmation of the previous ideas.
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