Specific women, except for Emily, play insignificant roles in the story. Women are cast instead as members of the town who gossiped continually about Emily when she was alive and can't wait, after her death, to get inside her house and snoop around. In the opening of the story, Faulkner draws an immediate distinction between the men of Jefferson and the women. The men attend Emily's funeral out of some respect and affection. The women go because they are nosy.
Emily's life represents the role of women in her post-Civil War culture. She is completely dependent upon her father who rules over Emily's life as a tyrant. When she was young, he ran off any man who showed interest in her. When she was old, he died, leaving her with nothing except her history with him. Because Emily's dependence on her father had been so all encompassing, she cannot bear to accept his death, refusing for several days to let his body be carried from the house. Emily's descent into madness emphasizes finally and dramatically how Emily's life was controlled and destroyed, first by her father and later by the power of tradition in Jefferson.
Miss Emily's life is dominated by a controlling father. It is because of him that she finds herself alone after his death. Because he prevented her from marrying, he did not believe that any of her suitors were worthy of her, she is depicted as a lonely spinster. This is not her fault.
When Emily meets Homer Barron, he too tries to dismiss her, to marginalize her needs, clearly he should not have gone on carriage rides with her if he was never interested in her in a romantic way. He makes a fool of her in front of the whole town, first because she has put aside the fact that he is a Yankee and allowed herself to associate with him. Then, when everyone thinks that they are going to get married, he disappears.
Once again, Miss Emily is left alone by a controlling man, or so it seems to the town.
Miss Emily does manage to escape the prejudice of the men in this story. She sidesteps paying her taxes, she takes up with a Yankee, something that would have horrified her father, and she kills Homer Barron, for thinking that he had a right to leave her.