What is the recurrent theme that Marquez wants readers to learn from the book One Hundred Years of Solitude?

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susan3smith eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Thee are so many levels on which the novel operates that it is difficult to identify a single theme.  Perhaps the most obvious is the human tendency toward retreat and solitude, and the dangers that such withdrawals cause.  As he shows various Buendias becoming more and more obsessed with scientific discoveries (Jose Arcadio Buendia) , love (Amaranta), war (Colonel Aureliano), power (Arcadio), making money (Aureliano Segundo), lust (Amaranta Ursula), he shows a corresponding tendency to withdraw into solitude.  This withdrawal results in stagnation and isolation and ultimately destruction.  On the other hand, rapid, uncontrolled expansion can have devastating effects as well, as can be seen when Macondo is overtaken by the Banana Company.

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One Hundred Years of Solitude

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