What is the relative influence of co-operation and competition within and between social groups?

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There are many tests of the value of both these strategies.  Most results show that individual competition, for example employees vying for the same title or job, is more destructive than co-operation with management.  For example, if a position comes open, it is the employee who demonstrates compromise and a view toward the common good who gets the job, rather than the employee who denigrates the other candidate or who "sells" himself/herself instead of staying on the topic of "which employee is best for the company."  The latter approach is harmful to the "society" of the workforce, as well as the "society" of customers and company representatives.  In non- business environments, such as a club or social venue, competition is virtually always destructive.

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