What is the relationship between Mr. Samsa and Gregor in The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka?

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Near the beginning of the story, we learn that Gregor is working at a terrible job that he hates so that he can "pay off the parents' debt" to his boss, and—once that's paid—he plans to quit the job. When Gregor refuses to open the door for the manager or...

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Near the beginning of the story, we learn that Gregor is working at a terrible job that he hates so that he can "pay off the parents' debt" to his boss, and—once that's paid—he plans to quit the job. When Gregor refuses to open the door for the manager or come out, Mr. Samsa grows "impatient" and then grows "hostile" when he does finally glimpse his son. Gregor's service to his family seems not to purchase his father's patience or compassion. His father, apparently, loves eating breakfast and he "prolong[s] [it] for hours by reading various newspapers" every day. Gregor has been working himself so hard that he feels as though he has no real life outside of work, trying to pay off his father's debt to his boss, while his father has been enjoying lavish breakfasts and long naps. It begins to seem as though Mr. Samsa has been exploiting Gregor's willingness to work, especially because he's managed to squirrel away some money in savings, upon which the family can rely now that Gregor cannot work. This money would have allowed Gregor to pay off the debt faster, but his father kept it a secret. For these reasons, their relationship seems rather exploitative; Gregor wants to please his father, while his father just wants to be comfortable and not have to work himself.

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This is a great story. At the beginning of the book Gregor is the only one working. He is dutiful and does what is necessary. He neither tries to fight his circumstances or even think of other ways to overcome. So, when his father is out of work, Gregor takes over the family's financial situation. Mr. Samsa is portrayed as a lazy and very boring character.

After Gregor's transformation, Mr. Samsa is forced to change. More specifically, he is forced, once again, to take the head of the household. In fact, he even gets a job as a bank messenger. He has a new sense of authority and he becomes a domineering force. In short, his relationship with Gregor changes. He now no longer depends on Gregor. In fact, he thinks the worst of him now. Even when others think that Gregor is communicating with them, Mr. Samsa does not believe. In a word, Mr. Samsa begins to despise Gregor.

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