What is the relationship between thinking and language?

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thanatassa | College Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

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The relationship between language and thought is one widely debated by philosophers. The particular sub-discipline concerned with this topic is often called "philosophy of language." One major debate within philosophy of language has been whether we think and use words to represent things, or whether our senses generate mental images which are then the subject of thought. Another debate is whether there is such a thing as non-linguistic thought, or whether language is actually a precondition for thought as opposed to a representation of thought. Wittgenstein makes an important point when he states:

The limits of my language are the limits of my world. (Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus)