In Guns, Germs, and Steel what is the relationship between food production and complex societies-does one lead to the other?
Guns, Germs, and Steel By Jared Diamond
Can be found in Chapter 14
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In Chapter 14, Diamond tells us that there is not an either-or answer to the question of which of these things leads to the other. Complex societies do not lead to food production or vice versa. Instead, Diamond tells us (on page 285 in the paperback edition) that these two things "stimulate each other."
Of course, food production is needed to get a more complex society. There is no way to get a large and complex society without it. Diamond says that very few societies make it to the level of chiefdoms without food production. However, complex societies also make it easier to have food production. The existence of an organized government can make it possible for there to be public works like irrigation systems that make food production more possible.
So, the causation goes both ways. Food production and complex societies lead to one another.
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