What is the relationship between air pressure and air density?

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megamind-616 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

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Air pressure, or atmospheric pressure, is defined as the weight of air in Earth's (or another planet's) atmosphere. Pressure is a force exerted on or against an object by being in contact with a substance. Thus, air pressure is due to the bombardment of the air (gas) particles with a surface. 

Density is defined as the mass per volume of a substance. Thus, air density is defined as the mass of air per unit volume.

Using these definitions, we can answer your question. The more gas particles there are within a given area, the greater the air density. Likewise, the greater the air density, the more gas particles there are per unit volume. Therefore, there are more air particles bombarding with a surface. Thus, the air pressure increases as the air density increases and visa versa

Using this logic, one can conclude that there is a direct relationship between air pressure and air density. 

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