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What is the relation between modernism and Marxist theory?

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Modernism is post-industrial, like Marxism. Both celebrate intellectualism, the rational, and the importance of the individual.

Modernism is a movement spanning roughly 1910 to 1940, although some might place its parameters more broadly. It emerged in art, literature, music, and philosophy as a force for innovation in thinking, rejection of conventional societal values, and perhaps was one of the first (at least in the US) forays into identity politics. Background, whether poor or female or African-American, was finally part of identity in artistic expression - yet paradoxically the Modernism movement spanned cultures and continents.

Two great examples of modernism are the poetry of Langston Hughes and the Jazz movement. Although Jazz has continued to evolve, it is an excellent example of the influence of modernism that spanned cultures and classes.

Hughes spoke of his unique cultural identity, wrote poetry that was biographical but helped define a corner of America not well-explored,...

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