What are the refrains in Stephen Crane's poem "War is Kind" and how do they affect the poem's meaning?

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I see two refrains in this poem.  They are "Do not weep" and "War is kind."  Both of these refrains help to point to the major theme of the poem -- the idea that war is a devastating thing that destroys people's lives (and the lives of those who are...

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I see two refrains in this poem.  They are "Do not weep" and "War is kind."  Both of these refrains help to point to the major theme of the poem -- the idea that war is a devastating thing that destroys people's lives (and the lives of those who are left behind).

If war were really kind, the speaker would not have to tell the listener not to weep.  But war, the ironic title of the poem notwithstanding, is not kind.  It causes people great pain for no good reason, Crane says.

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