What are the recent surgical developments in appetite control and risks/benefits associated.. Refs if possible please.
Appetite control can be adapted as a medical practice in order to treat certain kinds of medical conditions. Usually, appetite controlling pills are being administered to patients however, to some extent, surgical methods are being done. There are different surgical methods for appetite control. The most known method is the bariatric surgery method for appetite control.
Bariatric method is a variety of surgical methods specifically applied to obese and diabetic patients in order to control the appetite and eventually lowering the calorie intake fat deposition.
- Malabsorptive methods - It is a method of reducing the capability of the stomach and the intestines to absorb. A part of the stomach is usually modified in order to make it non-functional. This method is risky because this can lead to malnutrition and other diseases since some of the vitamins and minerals are also restricted from being absorbed by the body.
- Restrictive surgeries - generally defined as the method of reducing the gastric volume which apparently induces the physiological and psychological perception of hunger. There different methods in doing this surgery such as: usage of intragastric balloon, reducing the stomach size by forming a smaller pouch and the usage of adjustable gastric bands. Restrictive methods are safer compared with the malabsorptive methods and produced successful operations. These methods are the safest methods of surgical appetite control.
- Mixed surgical methods – these are methods that apply the use of the malabsorptive and restrictive methods in order to come up with good results. One known method is the gastric bypass surgery where a part of the stomach is stapled and connected to the duodenum.