What reason does Iago give for his hatred of Othello?

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jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Iago says in Act I, Scene 1 that he hates Othello because Othello has passed him over as a lieutenant. Instead, Othello has chosen Michael Cassio, who, Iago says, has no knowledge of how to be a soldier. Iago describes Cassio as someone "That never set a squadron in the field, Nor the division of a battle knows/ More than a spinster" (I.i.21-23). In other words, Iago believes that Cassio knows less about fighting than a spinster, or old unmarried woman, does.

In addition, Iago suspects that his wife, Emilia, has cheated on him with Othello. Iago says:

"I hate the Moor:/And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my sheets /He has done my office: I know not if't be true;/ But I, for mere suspicion in that kind,/ Will do as if for surety" (I.3.429-433).

The suspicion that Iago harbors towards Othello is ungrounded, but the very fact that Iago is so jealous of "the Moor," or Othello, poisons him towards Othello. He suspects that the Moor has been in his bed, and, without conclusive proof, Iago decides to act as if his suspicions are true. In general, Iago detests and distrusts all women, and he lets this distrust color his relationship with his wife and with Othello.

playsthething eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are several reasons given for Iago's hatred of, and intended ruination of Othello.  First, he is insulted by Othello's promotion of Cassio; he felt that he deserved the promotion.  That is probably the most obvious reason.  Second, he is suspicious that Othello is sleeping with his wife, Emilia, although there really is no foundation for this suspicion.  Third, there are some hints that Iago really desires Desdemona and is jealous of Iago for his relationship with her.  

He is clearly presented as the villain, and as such, can be played simply as evil, but most actors will search for greater depth than this.  Most close readers will also look for this greater depth.  Many modern productions play up the race issue, painting Iago as a racist who is unhappy with the Moor's marriage to the white Desdemona.  There is some textual support for this, in Iago's conversations with Othello when he is trying to convince Othello that he and Desdemona have too many differences to be happy together.