What reason did Napoleon give for taking away Jessie and Bluebell's puppies in Animal Farm?  

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Napoleon had his reasons for taking away Jessie and Bluebell's puppies: he wanted them for his own nefarious purposes. According to Chapter 3, there were nine puppies in all. As soon as the puppies were weaned, Napoleon took them away from their mothers.

Napoleon's actions encapsulate Orwell's beliefs about totalitarian leaders (whether capitalist or socialist), especially their tendency to indoctrinate the young for exploitative purposes.

In chapter 5, we discover that Napoleon has trained the nine puppies to serve as members of his attack squad. The text tells us that the puppies are not yet full-grown. However, they are rugged dogs, and their large size intimidates the other animals. Upon Napoleon's order, a "high-pitched whimper of a kind no one had ever heard him utter before," the nine dogs lunge for Snowball.

Napoleon's attack squad summarily drives Snowball out of the farm. After this terrifying incident, Napoleon immediately takes center stage and acts as the de facto leader of Animal Farm. He announces that there will be no more debates and that he will be giving the orders from now on.

So, Napoleon took away Jessie and Bluebell's puppies to exploit for his own gain. However, he publicly maintained that "the education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up." For their part, the animals did not realize Napoleon's true meaning: adults are far harder to manipulate and indoctrinate than the young. Thus, Napoleon had to claim the young for his own before they adopted values that were antithetical to his goals.

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In Chapter Three of Animal Farm, Jessie and Bluebell give birth to "nine sturdy puppies" and, after they are weaned, they are taken away by Napoleon. He tells Jessie and Bluebell that he has done this for the purpose of educating them, but, in fact, Napoleon is training the puppies to be his personal bodyguards. This explains why the puppies are kept in virtual isolation, in a loft above the harness room which is accessible only by a ladder.

This act is significant because it marks the beginning of Napoleon's reign as the farm's absolute leader. Once he has trained the puppies, he uses them to exert his will and to eliminate any opposition. We see this in Chapter Five when Napoleon uses extreme violence to run Snowball off the farm after a heated debate over the windmill.

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Napoleon was taking it upon himself to correctly educate the young puppies about animalism. We find out later, of course, that he is really turning them into his own personal guards.

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