What is the realism in Huckleberry Finn?
Is this question asking "What is the nature of the realism in Huck Finn?" Or is it asking "What elements of Huck Finn make make it seem realistic?"
I'm going to assume it's the last question, and if I'm wrong, nverma can let me know.
I'd say that Twain makes the book seem realistic through the following choices:
He writes phonetically, capturing some regional dialect.
His characters are all flawed, as are real people.
The novel's plot is realistic in some ways; it meanders like the river, moving at different paces, just as events in life do.
The descriptions of events are realistic to the character describing them (Huck), as is the voice.
Finally, the nature of Huck's moral dilemmas make the novel seem realistic. He's clearly shown to be a creature of his time.
Realism consisted in the representation of reality as it was experienced by perception. Realism detached itself from the artifices and ideal beliefs expressed by the Romantic writers. In fact, this movement arose as a reaction against Romanticism. While Romanticism places emphazis on the individual's feelings, Realism emphasizes a compromise with society and it seeks to manifest the social problems so that they are seen in their true light.
In Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain criticizes his society by making use of satire: presenting its problems in a humorous way.
What realists did was to represent events as if they were describing a photograph, depicting exactly things as they saw them. One resource that Mark Twain uses to make his novel feel more real and photographic is a masterful use of dialects and colloquial English. Another resource, is his description of some people's beliefs, even when they sound highly controversial to the rest of the society.
Mark Twain uses realism to show the ugly side of society. He describes harsh living conditions and how the slaves are treated.
It all refers to the persistence on using the genuine details in the detailed descriptions of place and likely motivations in the character's behaviors. The chosen and richly detailed setting and the novel’s insistence on regional dialect, which the author was trying to bring out across to the readers the unique natural speech of lots of characters in the story that it is privileged only for Mississippi region own usage. Moreover, Huck's sole decision to allow Jim to escape, even he is going to be in big trouble, is seen as a typical example of Realism because it exemplifies the person’s fight with his inner self to make decisions based on inner heart motivations that is pushing him on, not external forces working in him.