What are the reactants to form NaCl and what are the the natural state of the reactant?

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mlsiasebs | College Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

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There are two reactants needed to form sodium chloride, NaCl.  Sodium, which is a solid under normal conditions, and chlorine, a diatomic gas under normal conditions must react to form the NaCl which will be a solid under these conditions.  The reaction proceeds according to the following

2Na(s) + Cl2(g) --> 2NaCl(s)

The chlorine must be shown as a diatomic molecule because that is how it exists in nature.  Therefore, we must include a coefficient of two in front of the sodium and the sodium chloride to achieve a balanced chemical equation.

The links below show you more information about the two reactants as well as NaCl.