What is the rate at which the wind blows? Given the following statement:An airplane is travelling due north at an airspeed of 250 km/h when it encounters a wind from the west. The resultant ground...

What is the rate at which the wind blows? Given the following statement:

An airplane is travelling due north at an airspeed of 250 km/h when it encounters a wind from the west. The resultant ground velocity is in N20°E.

Asked on by pokydot

2 Answers | Add Yours

norcy's profile pic

norcy | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Adjunct Educator

Posted on

This is a trigonometry question. (recall: SOH CAH TOA)

The ratio for tangent = opposite/adjacent will help us out. Note that the resultant ground velocity is the hypotenuse.

Let w respresent the rate at which the wind blows, so

Tan (20) = w/250

0.364=w/250

w=90.99

Therefore, the wind is blowing from the west at 91 km/h.

cosinusix's profile pic

cosinusix | College Teacher | (Level 3) Assistant Educator

Posted on

Let `vecW` be the vector wind. Its magnitude is the wind speed. Its direction is west.

Let  `vecA` be  the airplane velocity.

 `vecA+vecW` is the ground velocity written  `vecG` . Its angle is 20 degree.

 

`vecA` , `vecW` and,  `vecG` determines a right triangle because `vecA _|_ vecW `

In this triangle, the angle `(vecA, vecG)` is 20 degrees.

Therefore `tan 20=W/A`

`W=Atan 20=250tan 20=90.99` km/h

The Wind is 90.99 km/h west

 

 

We’ve answered 318,944 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question