What are the ramifications of the rationalization of society? Include detail about the model of production in traditional and non-traditional societies. How did the rationalization of society...
What are the ramifications of the rationalization of society?
Include detail about the model of production in traditional and non-traditional societies. How did the rationalization of society change the nature of work?
How did it change the nature of social relationships outside of work?
How may it have changed, if at all, the way individuals perceive themselves and their purpose in life?
Rationalization affects a society on multiple ways. First, it challenges all traditional societies, since rationalization usually is opposed to tradition, which is based on things other than reason. In this sense, it can challenge notions of religion, worldviews, gender roles, to name a few. In some ways, these changes are good, but in other ways, these changes break communities, since tradition is no longer prized.
Also rationalization changes the work habits, because rationalization seeks to order all things in a systematic way based on efficiency. So, for example, rationalization may change small farms into larger one. Or it may use machines to do what has been done by hand. In short, it changes the way people work. One of the ramfications can be that people now view themselves as small parts of a larger machines. Again, this this good and bad points.
In traditional societies, work proceeds at the pace of the worker or at the pace required by the seasons. People produce the things that they need or want and they produce them when they want or need to.
Rationalization changes this. It brings order and regimentation into the workplace. Now the worker works for a set number of hours, usually at a set pace (for blue collar work at least). There is generally little flexibility.
People generally argue that this makes people feel less important. Before, they could feel independent and important. Now, they feel like they are controlled by outside forces.