The purpose of the club, "The Joy Luck Club" in America is to bring good fortune to Suyuan Woo's family and friends while finding joy in the hope of good luck. Suyuan began the club in China in order to lift the spirits of her friends during the Japanese invasion of China. Each of the four Chinese women in the club has her own perspective of life, a perspective based upon her experiences in China. But because it is a perspective that she wishes to share with her American-born daughter, there are conflicts between the generations.
For instance, the younger generation perceives the Joy Luck Club as a shameful Chinese custom. They do not understand the purpose of this club, nor do they understand the desires of their mothers who wish them to maintain ancient Chines customs.