The Ministry of Fear is a novel written by English author Graham Greene (1904 – 1991). Greene was born to a prosperous family, graduated from Oxford University, worked as a journalist, and was employed by MI6, a British intelligence agency, for several years. Two factors influencing The Ministry of Fear are Greene's experience as an intelligence agent and his Roman Catholic beliefs, which form the moral framework of his fiction. The Ministry of Fear was published in 1943, at the height of World War II, and reflects life in England as it was affected by wartime shortages and the Blitz (bombardment by the Nazi air force). In 1944, The Ministry of Fear was made into a film directed by Fritz Lang.