Genetically Engineered Foods

Start Free Trial

What are the pros and cons to creating GMO?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The creation of genetically modified organisms (GMO) is a very controversial subject today.  The main pro to the creation of these organisms is that they are economically very beneficial.  The main con is that they have the potential to be damaging to people’s health and the environment.

The major reason to create these organisms is that they can be economically beneficial.  GMO crops can give much higher yields than non-GMO crops.  They can thrive with the use of fewer chemicals for fertilizer or for pesticides.  Because of these things, they can provide us with more food at a cheaper price.

However, there are many people who fear that GMOs will be harmful.  They fear that these are unnatural organisms that will cause unforeseen health problems in human beings.  They fear that the GMO plants will escape into the wild and will outcompete native plants or will interbreed with them.  Either way, this would cause a great deal of disruption to the natural environment.

Thus, the issue of the creation of GMO involves a controversy between those who foresee economic benefits and those who fear health and environmental problems.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
Soaring plane image

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial