What Props were used in hamlets? In shakespeares original version?pleae answer, i need this for some huge essay i have to do
Props and sets during Shakespeare's era were virtually nonexistent. Now, changing sets often alert the audience that the scene has ended and a new one is beginning, but this was not really the case back then. Instead, rather than certain props leaving the stage and others arriving, Shakespeare would use a rhyming couplet to signal the end of a scene, and the actors on stage would simply run off: this would tell the audience that the scene had ended.
As far as props they would have had, certainly they would have used stage foils-- slim, blunted swords-- to engage in combat, as Hamlet and Laertes do in the final scene. The wine cup that contains the poison which is meant to kill Hamlet and actually does kill his mother and then Claudius would likely have been used as well. Furthermore, it is very likely that the skull of "poor Yorick" that is discussed at length when Hamlet and Horatio are in the graveyard would also be physically present.
You know, Elizabethan stages were generally pretty small. That means the use of props and other embellishments on stage had to be fairly limited. Instead, costuming was significant in establishing character and place. While there's no way of knowing what props were actually used over 400 years ago, we can assume several: a book or journal on which Hamlet writes his intention to seek revenge for his father's murder; some tokens which Hamlet originally gave Ophelia and which she returns to him; a book for the pacing Hamlet; clearly knives and sward and daggers; the wine cups so important in the last scene. Other than that, I don't think much would have been used. Even props used as scenery would have been minimal, I'm sure, as Shakespeare used dialogue to establish time and place much of the time.