What is the process involved in the resting potential of a neuron?

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bohemianteacher4u | College Teacher | (Level 3) Assistant Educator

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The process involved in the resting potential of a neuron is that the resting potential is created by the transport protein sodium-potassium pump moving Na+ (sodium) to outside the neuron cell and moving K+ (potassium) to inside the neuron cell's cytoplasm.

Resting potential of a neuron is the state at which the neuron is polarized, with opposing electrical charges, having a positive charge outside the neuron and an opposite, polarizing negative charge inside the neuron.

When in the state of resting potential, the polarized neuron is inactive and at rest in between nerve impulses.

“The electrical difference across the membrane of the neuron is called its resting potential.”

Neurons generate and send energy through chemical or electrical impulses. The neuron has the potential to create electrical energy, known as action potential, in response to nerve impulses.

In a neuron, ions are prevented from entering the neuron by a protein barrier. For a message to be sent from a neuron, the electrically charged ions must be able to cross the barrier. Ions move in and out of channels. As they move, the neuron becomes receptive to a positive electrical charge resulting in depolarization.  Eventually, the neuron reaches its threshold, and an electrical charge is sent out.

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