Industrial Revolution Questions and Answers

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What was the gradual process called in which machines replaced hand tools in the early 1800s?

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Joelle Robison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The gradual process in which machines replaced hand tools in the early 1800s is known as the Industrial Revolution. During this time period, not only did machines replace hand tools, but there were also new manufacturing and production processes, a greater use of steam and water power, and factory work became a common source of income. People moved to the cities for factory work instead of continuing to manufacture in their rural homes or small shops. Although there were poor working conditions and low pay in the factories, there was also steady income, which led to individual economic growth and contributed to the modern capitalist economy. During the Industrial Revolution, the textile and iron industries saw great success, and important inventions included the cotton gin, the steam engine, and the spinning jenny.

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Michael Koren eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The Industrial Revolution describes a time where machines replaced hand tools. Before the Industrial Revolution began, people made many products by hand and worked in small work environments. As a result, many products were custom made. Some of the first industries impacted by the Industrial Revolution were the textile and the iron industries.

As a result of the Industrial Revolution, people began to work in factories. This was a big change for the workers. Before the Industrial Revolution, work environments were small and friendly. Owners and workers knew each other and their families. When workers began to work in factories, there were many workers. The owners didn’t know the workers. Working conditions deteriorated. People worked long hours and had low pay. They also worked in dangerous or unsafe environments. It wasn’t uncommon for a worker to be injured on the job and then lose his or her job.

More products were made during the Industrial Revolution. Eventually, products were mass-produced. This helped to lower the cost of items that previously were custom made.

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