All of the above are certainly issues facing the Black community in America. I think at the root of many problems are a lack of quality education opportunities, both at the basic and the university level, and more importantly, a lack of hope that those opportunities will become more abundant, or that conditions economically and in general will improve.
The problems facing Black Americans today are the same problems that face any minority group - whether that group be a racial, gender, religious, or economic minority. Access to education, for example, is tied to social status. While all are offered a public education, those who live in more economically prosperous areas are given a better education because they have better schools and higher expectations. We try to say that this is not the case, but sadly it is. The bar is set based on expectations, and we expect the poor to stay poor, the uneducated to stay uneducated. In fact, this is what capitalism is based upon. If it were not for the lower class staying lower class, there would be no upper class. Therefore, it is in the best interests of the rich to keep the poor where they are.
Additionally, there is a problem of perception. Racism still exists. There are still people who stereotype based on race, and there are still individuals of that race who conform to the stereotypes. There is also a growing sense of entitlement that becomes a problem within minority communities. Because there is now an understanding that some things are not fair, there is a growing sentiment that something should be done about them. This is a good thing, but not if no one is willing to be the one to do anything. There is a sense of learned helplessness that pervades minority groups. They feel that they are owed something for what they have suffered, but they sit back and wait for someone to "pay them back" instead of going out and doing something about it. The poor become apathetic for they feel that there is no way out of their situation. They turn to crime because it is what they know. Until we break that cycle and offer a true set of equal opportunities for all citizens,we will continue to see this pattern in our society.
I think education has a lot to do with it like the previous post stated. A lot of blacks live in urban areas. Public education in these areas have had numerous problems lately. Schools have been closing (especially in Chicago). When schools close it means that there are many more children per class. This means less time for one on one interaction with the teacher which can result in less education for the child.
I think solving problems like these is very difficult. I would say that it is important for parents to teach children that they need to live up to their fullest potential and not let pre-conceived notions about race influence their behaviors.
The main problem facing black Americans is poverty. This leads to a bunch of other problems including poor education and excessively high rates of incarceration for black men, but all of these other problems are, in my opinion, largely due to poverty.
Blacks are still much more likely to be poor than whites are. Because poor blacks tend to live near other poor blacks, they also end up in poor schools and do not get a good quality education. The lack of education feeds the poverty and both help cause crime.
If I knew how to fix these things, I would be either divine or a genius. No one else has managed it...