What are the problems sociologists face in obtaining answers to important questions about society?

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In any field of research involving the participation of humans, many complicating factors present problems that need to be addressed before research can begin. These questions are not unique to sociologists and sociological research but are present in studies involving economics, education, and other similar fields. Since most forms of research include elements of human behavior, being transparent about these problems is critical to research being credible and applicable.

One potential problem is the subject the researcher chooses. By identifying a problem and selecting a specific subject of study, the researcher immediately signals a bias. There may well be a long-established foundation of research on the subject—however, the researcher’s selection of a topic indicates the researcher believes more needs to be done or believes their line of inquiry will add nuance to the already published body of data. Addressing why a researcher chooses to pursue a particular study is essential in...

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