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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The initials IRA stand for Irish Republican Army.  The IRA was one of the sides in the long "troubles" between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland.  The IRA, made up of Catholics, was in favor of breaking away from British rule and joining the Republic of Ireland.  By contrast, the Protestant side wanted to remain a part of Great Britain.  The fighting between these two sides killed many people before peace was made in the late 1990s.

The IRA is no longer officially active.  However, there are splinter groups that continue to try to oppose the peace process.

krishna-agrawala | Student

IRA (Irish Republican Army) is a militant organization set up in 1919 with the objective of securing independence for  Ireland, the whole of which was at that time part of UK. Over a period, several events took place as a result of Irish movement of freedom which led to first splitting of Ireland in two parts - Northern Ireland and the rest of Ireland, and then in 1949, rest of Ireland becoming an independent Republic of Ireland, while the Northern Ireland remained a part of UK.

Today the aim of IRA is to Unite Northern Ireland with the republic of Ireland.

mkcapen1 | Student

The IRA stands for the Irish Republican Army.  Initially it consisted of a group of volunteers whose intent was to have the British thrown out of Ireland and stop them from controlling the country.

Ireland has been controlled by Britain since the Middle Ages.  The conflict has been on going and led to many struggles between the Irish and the British.  Another issue of great conflict has been that the British were mostly made up of Protestants while the Irish were mostly Catholics.  Even now, the Northern Protestants have conflict with the northern Catholics.  The Northern Irish feel they should be able to have their own doctrines while the Catholics believe that the country should be unitized.  While there is a current settlement of peace, the animosity still remians harbored within certain groups.